H1N1 Symptoms Plus Protection & Prevention

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Protect Yourself and Your Family against H1N1

What is It?

The H1N1 virus (initially called Swine flu) is a new strain of the influenza virus that has been spreading in the United States since April 2009.  As far as health officials know, it spreads from person to person just like the more common strains of influenza. Since June 11, 2009, the World Health Organization has considered H1N1 a pandemic.

Most people who are diagnosed with H1N1 recover without medical treatment. However, because medical authorities don’t know how it will behave during flu season, and because it has caused severe illness and death in a few cases, please exercise caution.

How do I get it?

That’s where we are in familiar territory. The H1N1 virus spreads the way seasonal influenza does – an infected person coughs or sneezes, you touch an infected surface or hand (or get coughed or sneezed on) and then touch your mouth or eyes or anything else that isn’t protected by that first component of your immune system, your skin. Since you can’t go around in a bubble for the duration of flu season, it’s important to wash your hands often, avoid touching your mouth, eyes, etc., and cover coughs and sneezes just in case.

If you do become infected, realize that you can spread the virus even after your symptoms are gone. Continue to wash your hands, cover your mouth, and avoid close contact for a few days after you start to feel better.

How do I know if I have it?

The symptoms of H1N1 are similar to seasonal flu symptoms, and include fever, cough, runny nose, aches, chills, and fatigue. In some cases, people reported diarrhea and vomiting.  If you experience these symptoms, check with your doctor and try to avoid going out in public.

What are the differences between the symptoms of a cold and the H1N1 virus?

The following table can also help you tell the difference between a common cold and H1N1 Flu:

Symptom Cold H1N1 Flu
Fever Fever is rare with a cold Fever is usually present with the flu in up to 80% of all flu cases. A temperature of 100 degrees Farenheight or higher for 3 to 4 days is associated with the flu.
Coughing A hacking, productive (mucus- producing) cough is often present with a cold. A non-productive (non-mucus producing) cough is usually present with the flu (sometimes referred to as dry cough).
Aches Slight body aches and pains can be part of a cold. Severe aches and pains are common with the flu.
Stuffy Nose Stuffy nose is commonly present with a cold and typically resolves spontaneously within a week. Stuffy nose is not commonly present with the flu.
Chills Chills are uncommon with a cold. 60% of people who have the flu experience chills.
Tiredness Tiredness is fairly mild with a cold. Tiredness is moderate to severe with the flu.
Sneezing Sneezing is commonly present with a cold. Sneezing is not common with the flu.
Sudden Symptoms Cold symptoms tend to develop over a few days. The flu has a rapid onset within 3-6 hours. The flu hits hard and includes sudden symptoms like high fever, aches and pains.
Headache A headache is fairly uncommon with a cold. A headache is very common with the flu, present in 80% of flu cases.
Sore Throat Sore throat is commonly present with a cold. Sore throat is not commonly present with the flu.
Chest Discomfort Chest discomfort is mild to moderate with a cold. Chest discomfort is often severe with the flu.

Of course, if you’re unsure if you have the flu, it’s best to consult with your physician.

What can I do to prevent it?

When and where available, H1N1 vaccinations are a recommended precaution you can take. However, there are several everyday things you can do to reduce your risk of getting or spreading the virus:

  • Cover your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze. Throw tissues in the trash after you use them. (Please don’t leave your used tissues on the dining room table. It’s gross and a health risk.)
  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water or with alcohol-based instant hand sanitizers. During the spring there was a run on these, so you may want to pick up a bottle just in case.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth (especially after bowling, because we are really not sure about what’s growing in the bowling ball holes) to avoid spreading germs.
  • We know that you love sick people and want to take them chicken soup, but just push it through the mail slot or something. Keep you distance until they’re better.
  • If you get sick, the CDC recommends you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever breaks, and we recommend you avoid hugging the people who want to bring you chicken soup.
  • Stock up on the medicine, tissues and hand sanitizers you might need now so that you don’t have to go out in public once you get sick. These are good things to have on hand anyway, and if you’ve already got them you won’t risk infecting the rest of us.

10 Things You Should Know About The H1N1 Virus This Season

Swine Flu Update > 10 Things You Should Know About The H1N1 Virus This Season

H1N1-pandemic-logoHere you will find updated information about the H1N1 Virus (Swine Flu) as we’re heading into the fall and flu season of 2009.

The global swine flu epidemic has sickened more than 1 million Americans and about 500 people have succumbed to it since it first emerged last April. Since it has spread worldwide, tens of thousands have been infected and nearly 2,000 have died.

As this summer is winding down, the virus has surprisingly taken a stronghold in the United States, refusing to fade away as flu viruses normally do. Health officials are now predicting a surge of cases this fall season, perhaps being more substantially noticeable in the very near future as schools have reopened for the new school year.

A panel of experts from a recent White House report  suggests that from 30% to 50% of the population could catch swine flu during the course of this pandemic and that from 30,000 to 90,000 could possibly die.

So how worried should you be and how do you prepare?

To help consolidate the mass amount of information being released by the panel of experts in Washington DC along with the CDC (Center For Disease Control), here are 10 things you should know to be more knowledgeable or to put it another way, “flu-savvy”.

(1) – There is NO cause for panic –

So far, swine flu isn’t much more threatening than regular seasonal flu. During the few months of this new flu’s existence, hospitalizations and deaths from it seem to be lower than the average in comparison to seasonal flu, and the virus hasn’t dramatically mutated. That’s what health officials have observed in the Southern Hemisphere where flu season is now winding down. Still, more people are susceptible to swine flu and American health officials are worried because it took such a firm grasp here during the summer….. a time of year the flu usually dissipates.

(2) – The virus will be tougher on selective groups –

Swine flu is more of a threat to certain groups:

  • children under 2
  • pregnant women
  • people afflicted with health problems like asthma, diabetes and heart disease

Teens and young adults are also more vulnerable to swine flu.

Ordinary, seasonal flu hits older people the hardest, but not in this case with the swine flu. Scientists think older people may have built up some immunity to it from exposure over the years to viruses similar to swine flu.

(3) – Wash your hands longer and more frequently –

Just like with seasonal flu, Swine Flu spreads through the coughs and sneezes of people who are sick. You should emphasize to children that they should wash with soap and water long enough to finish singing the alphabet song, “Now I know my ABC’s…”

It is also highly recommended to use alcohol-based hand sanitizers on a regular basis.

(4) – Get the kids and most ‘at-risk’ groups vaccinated –

These groups should be first in line for swine flu shots, especially if vaccine supplies are limited:

  • Young people from 6 months to 24 years old
  • Pregnant women
  • People affected with those high-risk medical conditions previously noted.
    Also a priority:
  • Health care workers.
  • Parents and caregivers of infants

(5) – Act quickly and get your shots early –H1N1_Vaccine

Millions of swine flu shots should be available by mid-October. If you are in one of the priority groups, try to get your shot as early as possible. Check with your doctor or (local or state) health department about where to do this. Many children should be able to get vaccinated at school. You can expect permission forms to be sent home in advance.

(6) – Immunity takes awhile –

Even those first in line for shots won’t have immunity until around Thanksgiving. That’s because it’s more than likely going to take two shots… given three weeks apart… to provide protection. And it takes a week or two after the last shot for the vaccine to take full effect. The regular seasonal flu shot should be widely available in September.

People over 50 are urged to be among the first to get that shot.

(7) – Vaccines are being tested –

Health officials presume the swine flu vaccine is safe and effective, but they’re testing it to make sure. The federal government has begun studies in eight cities across the country to assess its effectiveness and figure out the best dose. Vaccine makers are doing their own tests as well.

(8) – If you’re surrounded by swine flu, then what? –

If an outbreak of swine flu hits your area before you’re vaccinated… be extra cautious!

  • In general, try to keep your distance from people — Stay away from public gathering places like malls, sports events, concerts, churches, crowded movie theaters, crowded restaurants, etc.
  • Keep washing those hands with soap and water (remember the sanitizer also) and keep your hands away from your eyes, nose and mouth.

(9) – What if you get sick? –

  • If you have other health problems or are pregnant and develop flu-like symptoms, call your doctor right away. You may be prescribed Tamiflu or Relenza. These drugs can reduce the severity of swine flu if taken right after symptoms start.
  • If you develop breathing problems (rapid breathing for kids), pain in your chest, constant vomiting or a fever that keeps rising… go to an emergency room.
  • Most people should just stay home and get some rest.
  • Cough into your elbow or shoulder.
  • Stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever breaks.
  • Fluids and pain relievers like Tylenol can help with aches and fever.
  • Always check with a doctor before giving children any medicines. Adult cold and flu remedies are not meant for them.

(10) – No swine flu from barbecue –

You can’t catch swine flu from pork – or poultry either (even though it recently turned up in some turkeys in Chile).

Swine flu is not spread by handling meat, whether it’s raw or cooked.

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Here are a few recent posts from this blog related to this important topic:

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cdc_logoFor any additional information, go to the CDC website(s) listed below:

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/

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